Spoken L1 Language: Shona

Comments on subclassification

Ehret, Christopher and Kinsman, Margaret 1981

AES status:
not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2024
Shona (sna-sna) = 3 (Wider communication). Recognized language (2013, Constitution, Article 6(1)). Migrated to what is today’s Zimbabwe during the great Bantu expansion in the first half of the first millennium; became widespread in the 11th century. Gained vitality duiring British control at the end of the 19th century. Used in trade, literary tradition, and education.
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