Spoken L1 Language: Kituba (Congo)

Comments on subclassification

Mufwene, Salikoko S. 1997

AES status:
not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2019
Kituba (mkw-mkw) = 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitution, Article 6), recognized as lingua franca. Kituba is used throughout the south in churches, the market and the media (2014 SIL).
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