Spoken L1 Language: Xhosa

Comments on subclassification

Gunnink, Hilde and Natalia Chousou-Polydouri and Koen Bostoen 2022: 20-22 Ownby, Carolan Postma 1985

AES status:
not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2024
Xhosa (xho-xho) = 1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 6(1)). Statutory provincial language in Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Cape, and Western Cape (2012, Use of Official Languages Act, No. 12, Section 4(1)), official language in 5 provinces.
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