Spoken L1 Language: Tsonga
- AES status:
- not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2020
- Tsonga (tso-tso) = 1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 6(1)). Statutory provincial language in Limpopo province (2012, Use of Official Languages Act, No. 12, Section 4(1)).