Spoken L1 Language: Tiv

Comments on subclassification

Blench, Roger M. 2016

AES status:
not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2024
Tiv (tiv-tiv) = 3 (Wider communication). De facto language of provincial identity in Benue, Nassarawa, Plateau, Taraba, and Cross River states, used in elementary education. Tiv people migrated from Luba-Katanga (in present-day Democratic Republic of Congo) through Cameroon around the 16th century before migrating to Nigeria around the 17th century. Language became dominant in the 20th century. Used in church, school, music, entertainment, trade, agriculture, and animal husbandry.
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