Spoken L1 Language: Kuanyama

Comments on subclassification

Elderkin, Edward D. 2003: 583 Jan Vansina 2004: 273-283

AES status:
not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig 2019
Oshiwambo (kua-kua) = 3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity. Its use as an LWC has its origin in its status as the language of the powerful Kwanyama kingdom, influential in what is now southern Angola and northern Namibia throughout the colonial period up to the year 1917. Used in the eastern half of Kunene Province in church, market, business, and media domains.
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