Spoken L1 Language: Māngarongaro

Comments on subclassification

William H. Wilson 2021 Marck, Jeff 2000

AES status:
Campbell, Lyle and Lee, Nala Huiying and Okura, Eve and Simpson, Sean and Ueki, Kaori 2022
Penrhyn (2994-pnh) = Severely Endangered (40 percent certain, based on the evidence available) (The language is being lost by those who leave the atoll to look for economic opportunities elsewhere, typically Australia and New Zealand. On the Atoll, the language is under considerable influence from Rarotongan.)

(see Shibata 2003)

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