Spoken L1 Language: Coastal-Naga Bikol

Comments on subclassification

Zorc, R. David Paul 1977 Robert Blust 1991

AES status:
not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2024
Bikol, Central (bcl-bcl) = 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in Camarines Norte, 4 other provinces (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)). Became widely spoken in the 16th century during the Spanish occupation (1521–1898). Used in agriculture, trade, church, and daily communication.
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