Spoken L1 Language: Brunei
- AES status:
- not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2020
- Brunei (kxd-kxd) = 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Originated and used as trade language in the archipelago of the Brunei sultanate centuries before British protectorate (1888–1984). Used as lingua franca between ethnic groups, widely used by young people.