Spoken L1 Language: Manado Malay

Subclassification references
Comments on subclassification

Paauw, Scott H. 2009

AES status:
not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2022
Malay, Manado (xmm-xmm) = 3 (Wider communication). Developed in 1658 under Dutch colonial period (trading and military posts). Important, growing lingua franca in much of Sulawesi. Spoken mostly (rarely written) in Manado, capital of North Sulawesi.
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