Spoken L1 Language: Pampanga

Comments on subclassification

Robert Blust 1991: 79-80 Ronald S. Himes 2012

AES status:
not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2024
Kapampangan (pam-pam) = 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in Pampanga and 2 other Luzon provinces (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)). Became widespread in the 18th century during Spanish colonial rule. Used in commerce, entrepreneurship, religion, trade, and handicrafts.
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