Spoken L1 Language: Eastern Cham

Comments on subclassification

Graham Thurgood 1999

AES status:
Campbell, Lyle and Lee, Nala Huiying and Okura, Eve and Simpson, Sean and Ueki, Kaori 2022
Eastern Cham (4173-cjm) = Vulnerable (100 percent certain, based on the evidence available) (Although Eastern Cham communities are increasingly being integrated into the Vietnamese polity, the Cham language, local traditions, and religions (syncretic Hinduism, syncretic Islam, and Sunni Islam) are well preserved.)

(see Brunelle 2008)

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