Spoken L1 Language: Iloko

Comments on subclassification

Lawrence A. Reid 2006

AES status:
not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2024
Ilocano (ilo-ilo) = 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in northwest Luzon Island, other areas (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)). Native to the Philippines with origin in Taiwan; became the lingua franca for the northern Luzon area toward the end of the 19th century. Widespread through that region and spoken internationally. Used in commerce.
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