Spoken L1 Language: Papuan Malay
- AES status:
- not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2021
- Malay, Papuan (pmy-pmy) = 3 (Wider communication). Used as a trade language in the 19th century and established further as an LWC by Dutch colonial language policies in early 20th century. Used as L2 by all living in coastal areas of the Papuan provinces.