Spoken L1 Language: Ormuri

Comments on subclassification

Charles M. Kieffer 1989 Agnes Korn 2016 Agnes Korn 2019 Ľubomír Novák 2013

AES status:
Campbell, Lyle and Lee, Nala Huiying and Okura, Eve and Simpson, Sean and Ueki, Kaori 2022
Ormuri (4930-oru) = Endangered (40 percent certain, based on the evidence available) (The research reveals that before the displacement, more than 74 percent of the survey respondents spoke Ormari in their home while the remaining spoke Pashto. However, the percentage of the Ormari speaking families has declined to 70.5 at the time the data was gathered. The language loss is increased by almost 3.5 percent, showing an alarming threat to Ormari language... Since the tribes surrounding the Burki are Pashto speakers, the inter-tribal marriages have posed challenges to the survival and purity of Ormari language. The children in these cases prefer to communicate in Pashto... The participants believe that displacement has affected their language and thus, a sharp decline can be observed in Warmaro speaking families. Figure 9.2 shows the ratio of Ormari speakers as 70.5 percent and non-Ormari speakers as 29.5 percent. As the study did not investigate which language replaced Ormari, further research is needed to uncover this aspect.)

(see Zeb and Wazir 2020)

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