Spoken L1 Language: Bislama
- AES status:
- not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2023
- Bislama (bis-bis) = 1 (National). Statutory national language (1980, Constitution, Article 3(1)). Most in the country understand and use it as lingua franca and as a symbol of national identity. Since 2012, Bislama has a significant role in formal education.