Spoken L1 Language: Bislama

Comments on subclassification

Ross Clark 1979-1980

AES status:
not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2024
Bislama (bis-bis) = 1 (National). Statutory national language (1980, Constitution, Article 3(1)). Most in the country understand and use it as lingua franca and as a symbol of national identity. Since 2012, Bislama has a significant role in formal education.
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