Bastin, Yvonne and Coupez, A. and Mann, M. 1999

Bastin, Yvonne and Coupez, A. and Mann, M. 1999. Continuity and divergence in the Bantu languages: perspectives from a lexicostatistic study. (Annalen van het Koninglijk Museum van Belgisch-Congo: Reeks in 8, 162.) Belgique: MRAC, Tervuren. vi+225pp. (Includes bibliographical references (p. [226]) English, with introductory material in French).

@book{29588,
  address               = {Belgique},
  author                = {Bastin, Yvonne and Coupez, A. and Mann, M.},
  note                  = {Includes bibliographical references (p. [226]) English, with introductory material in French},
  pages                 = {vi+225},
  publisher             = {MRAC, Tervuren},
  series                = {Annalen van het Koninglijk Museum van Belgisch-Congo: Reeks in 8},
  title                 = {Continuity and divergence in the Bantu languages: perspectives from a lexicostatistic study},
  volume                = {162},
  year                  = {1999},
  besttxt               = {ptxt2\africa\bastinetal_bantu1999v2_o.txt},
  class_loc             = {PL8025},
  document_type         = {B},
  fn                    = {africa\bastinetal_bantu1999.pdf, africa\bastinetal_bantu1999_o.pdf, africa\bastinetal_bantu1999v2_o.pdf, africa\bastinetal_continuity-bantu1999pages.pdf, africa\bastinetal_bantu1999pages.pdf},
  hhtype                = {overview;comparative},
  inlg                  = {English [eng]},
  isbn                  = {9789075894271},
  keywords              = {;caf;eaf;saf;lng;lcl;lxl;bnt;},
  lgcode                = {Ejagham [etu], Tiv [tiv], Amasi = Ngwo [ngn], Ambele [ael], Asumbo [ass], Ngyemboong d. bangang = Ngiemboon [nnh], Yemba d. atsang = Yemba [ybb], Ghomala 1 = Ghomálá' [bbj], Ghomala 2 d. central Cameroun = Ghomálá' [bbj], Fe'fe' 1 = Fe'fe' [fmp], Fe'fe' 2 d. central fa' = Fe'fe' [fmp], Fe'fe' 3 d. central = Fe'fe' [fmp], Mbo A15 = Mbo [mbo], Duala 1 A24 = Duala [dua], Duala 2 d. pongo A24 = Duala [dua], Duala 3 d. malimba A24 = Malimba [mzd], Bubi A31 = Bube [bvb], Batanga 1 d. puku A32 = Batanga [bnm], Batanga 2 d. batanga A32 = Batanga [bnm], Batanga 3 d. noho A32 = Batanga [bnm], Benga 1 Corisco A34 = Benga [bng], Benga 2 Gabon A34 = Benga [bng], Basaa A43a = Basa (Cameroon) [bas], Bakoko A43b = Bakoko [bkh], Nen A44 = Tunen [tvu], Lefa 1 d. tingong A51 = Lefa [lfa], Lefa 2 A51 = Lefa [lfa], Lefa 3 d. maja = Bafia [ksf], Rikpa 1 = Bafia [ksf], Rikpa 2 A53 = Bafia [ksf], Tibea A54 = Tibea [ngy], Tuki A61 = Tuki [bag], Yambasa central 1 d. mmaala A62 = Mmaala [mmu], Yambasa central 2 d. nu yangben A62 = Yangben [yav], Nu Gunu A66 = Nugunu (Cameroon) [yas], Ewondo 1 A72 = Ewondo [ewo], Ewondo 2 A72 = Ewondo [ewo], Ewondo 3 d. eki A72 = Bamvele [beb], Ewondo 4 d. eton 1 A72 = Eton [eto], Bulu A74 = Bulu (Cameroon) [bum], Fang 1 d. ntumu = Fang [fan], Fang 2 d. make = Fang [fan], Fang 3 A75 = Fang [fan], Koozime A84 = Koonzime [ozm], Mpo 1 d. bekwil A86 = Bekwil [bkw], Mpo 2 d. bekwil A86 = Bekwil [bkw], Mpo 3 d. bekwil A86 = Bekwil [bkw], Mpo 4 d. mpiemo Cameroun = Mpiemo [mcx], Mpo 5 d. mpiemo Centrafrique = Mpiemo [mcx], Bomwali 1 = Bomwali [bmw], Bomwali 2 d. lino = Bomwali [bmw], Pomo A92B = Pomo [NOCODE_Pomo-Kweso], Kako 1 Cameroun A93 = Kako [kkj], Kako 2 Centrafrique A93 = Kako [kkj], Kweso 1 Centrafrique A94 = Pomo-Kweso [NOCODE_Pomo-Kweso], Kweso 2 Congo A94 = Pomo-Kweso [NOCODE_Pomo-Kweso], Mpongwe B11A = Myene [mye], Rungu-Nkomi d. nkomi B11B = Myene [mye], Galwa 1 B11C = Myene [mye], Galwa 2 Lambarene B11C = Myene [mye], Sama B20 = Osamayi [syx], Seki B21 = Seki [syi], Ngom B22B = Ngom [nra], Mbangwe B23 = Mbangwe [zmn], Wumvu 1 Gabon B24 = Wumbvu [wum], Wumvu 2 Congo B24 = Wumbvu [wum], Wumvu 3 Kissiele = Wumbvu [wum], Kota 1 madungwe = Kota (Gabon) [koq], Kota 2 B25 = Kota (Gabon) [koq], Kota 3 B25 = Kota (Gabon) [koq], Kota 4 Mbomo = Kota (Gabon) [koq], Mahongwe B26 = Mahongwe [mhb], Sake 1 B27 = Sake [sak], Sake 2 B27 = Sake [sak], Ndasa 1 B28 = Ndasa [nda], Ndasa 2 B28 = Ndasa [nda], Tsogo B31 = Tsogo [tsv], Pinji B33 = Pinji [pic], Pove B34 = Bubi [buw], Himba B36 = Simba [sbw], Bwali B40 of the Ngounié in Gabon 10.6°E-1.4°S linguistically very close to Barama [bbg], Shira B41 = Sira [swj], Sangu 1 B42 = Sangu (Gabon) [snq], Sangu 2 B42 = Sangu (Gabon) [snq], Punu 1 Gabon B43 = Punu [puu], Punu 2 Congo = Punu [puu], Lumbu 1 Gabon B44 (aberrant but anyway) = Lumbu [lup], Lumbu 2 Banda B44 = Lumbu [lup], Lumbu 3 Nkola = Lumbu [lup], Lumbu 4 Gabon = Lumbu [lup], Bwisi B45 = Bwisi [bwz], Varama 1 B46 = Barama [bbg], Varama 2 B46 = Barama [bbg], Vungu 1 B47 = Vumbu [vum], Vungu 2 B47 = Vumbu [vum], Bongo Koudja B50 (Pygmées) Koudja-Divenie-Niari-Congo (pygmees) 12°E-3.1°S too aberrant to fit an existing language but possibly Duma or Njebi [nzb], Duma 1 B51 = Duma [dma], Duma 2 d. wanzi B51 = Wandji [wdd], Nzebi 1 Gabon B52 = Njebi [nzb], Nzebi 2 Congo B52 = Njebi [nzb], Tsangi B53 = Tsaangi [tsa], Mbere B61 = Mbere [mdt], Mbamba 1 Gabon B62 = Ombamba = Mbere [mdt], Mbamba 2 d. mpini B62 = Ombamba = Mbere [mdt], Mbamba 3 Gabon B62 = Ombamba = Mbere [mdt], Ndumo 1 B63 = Ndumu [nmd], Ndumo 2 d. kuya B63 = Ndumu [nmd], Kaningi B64 = Kaningi [kzo], Tee 1 Boundji B71 = Teke-Tyee [tyx], Tee 2 Abala B71 = Teke-Tyee [tyx], Tee 3 Bouenza = Teke-Tyee [tyx], Tee 4 Omvula = Teke-Tyee [tyx], Tee 5 Mbe lexically closest to Teke-Eboo-Nzikou [ebo], Ngungwel B72 = Ngungwel [ngz], Teke-W 1 Komono B73 = Teke-Tsaayi [tyi], Teke-W 2 Bambana B73 = Teke-Tsaayi [tyi], Teke-W 3 Kissiele B73 = Teke-Tsaayi [tyi], Teke-W 4 d. iyaa B73 = Yaka (Congo) [iyx], Teke-W 5 d. lali Bouenza B73 = Teke-Laali [lli], Teke-W 6 d. lali Lekoumou = Teke-Laali [lli], Boma B74 = Teke Boma = Teke-Eboo-Nzikou [ebo], Teke-E 1 B76 = Kwa South [tek], Teke-E 2 Tua B76 closest to Boma Nkuu [NOCODE_Boma-Nkuu], Teke-E 3 B76 possibly = Kwa South [tek], Teke-E 4 Bolobo B76 closest to Teke-Eboo-Nzikou [ebo], Kukwa 1 B77 = Teke-Kukuya [kkw], Kukwa 2 B77 = Teke-Kukuya [kkw], Fumu-Wumbu 1 d. fumu Congo B78 = Teke-Fuumu [ifm], Fumu-Wumbu 2 d. fumu Zaire B78 = closest to Teke-Eboo-Nzikou [ebo], Fumu-Wumbu 3 d. wumu Mobenga B78 = Wuumu-Mpuono [NOCODE_Wuumu-Mpuono], Fumu-Wumbu 4 d. wumbu Isaangampyu B78 = Wuumu-Mpuono [NOCODE_Wuumu-Mpuono], Fumu-Wumbu 5 d. wumbu-E B78 = Wuumu-Mpuono [NOCODE_Wuumu-Mpuono], Fumu-wumbu 6 d. wumbu Kasangulu B78 = Wuumu-Mpuono [NOCODE_Wuumu-Mpuono], Kempee B80K = Kempee [NOCODE_Kempee], Lwel 1 B80L = Lwel = Lwel [NOCODE_Lwel], Lwel 2 Mateko B80L = Lwel [NOCODE_Lwel], Lwel 3 Mtu B80L = Lwel [NOCODE_Lwel], Mpiin 1 Madzing B80M = Mpiin closest to Songo [soo], Mpiin 2 Biyung B80M = Mpiin closest to Songo [soo], Ngongo-W 1 Kikasan B80Ng1 18.2E and 5.7S = Ngongo [noq], Ngongo-W 2 Kinkaam B80Ng2 = Ngongo [noq], Nunu B80Nu at Mushie/Zaire 16.9E/3.1S closest (Pacchiarotti 2019:184) to Mpee [NOCODE_Kempee], Nzadi 1 Kutu B80N = Nzadi [nzd], Nzadi 2 Panu B80N = Nzadi [nzd], Tiene 1 Botala B81 = Tiene [tii], Tiene 2 d. dia B81 = Tiene [tii], Tiene 3 Wamba B81 perhaps mislabeled but geographically and lexically closest (Pacchiarotti 2019) to Boma Nkuu [NOCODE_Boma-Nkuu], Boma 1 Ekemwa B82 = Boma Nord = Boma Nord [NOCODE_Boma-Nord], Boma 2 Saio B82 = Boma Yumu [boh], Boma 3 Kondzulu B82 = Boma Nord = Boma Nord [NOCODE_Boma-Nord], Mfinu 1 B83 wrongly mapped (?) = Mfinu [zmf], Mfinu 2 d. kinsi B83 wrongly mapped (?) = Mfinu [zmf], Mfinu 3 Mungata B83 = Mfinu [zmf], Mpuono 1 B84 (p 185-193-202) possibly closest to Kwa South [tek], Mpuono 2 Fadiaka B84 = Mpuono = Wuumu-Mpuono [NOCODE_Wuumu-Mpuono], Yanz 1 Kibongo B85 = Yans [yns], Yanz 2 B85 = Yans [yns], Yanz 3 B85 = Yans [yns], Yanz 4 B85 = Yans [yns], Yanz 5 B85 = Yans [yns], Yanz 6 d. yey Bagata B85 = Yansi [yns], Yanz 7 d. tsambaan this is Samba L12a see Pacchiarotti et al 2019:221 = Samba [smx], Yanz 8 d. tsong Masi B85 = Tsong = Songo [soo], Yanz 9 d. tsong Mwilabongo B85 = Nsong-Mpiin [soo], Yanz 10 d. mput Dwe B85 = Mput = Yans [yns], Yanz 11 d. mput Kwebe B85 = Mput = Yans [yns], Yanz 12 d. mput Kolonzadi B85 = Mput [yns], Yanz 13 d. tsambaan Nkara B85 = Ntsambaan = Yans [yns], Ding 1 Bisey B86 = Ding [diz], Ding 2 B86 = Ding [diz], Ding 3 Sedzo B86 = Ding [diz], Ding 4 B86 = Ding [diz], Mbun 1 Mwilambong B87 = Mbuun [zmp], Mbun 2 B87 = Mbuun [zmp], Mbun 3 Milundu B87 = Mbuun [zmp], Ngwi 1 Idiofa B88 = Ngul [nlo], Ngwi 2 Kapia B88 = Ngul [nlo], Ngwi 3 Tsengentsenge B88 = Ngul [nlo], Ngwi 4 Mangai B88 = Ngul [nlo], Ngwi 5 Mateko B88 = Ngul [nlo], Ngengele C00 = Ombo [oml], Babole 1 Dzeke C10Ba1 = Dibole [bvx], Babole 2 Impfondo C10Ba2 = Dibole [bvx], Bwamba of Mbaiki-Boda ClOBw = Mbati [mdn], Ngondi of Nola-Berberati C11 = Ngundi = Ngundi [ndn], Pande 1 C12 = Pande [bkj], Pande 2 d. gongo C12 = Pande [bkj], Mbati C13 = Mbati [mdn], Leke C14 = Bomitaba [zmx], Mokiba 1 Ibonga Cl5 = Bongili [bui], Mokiba 2 C15 = Bongili [bui], Mokiba 3 Ekouomou C15 = Bongili [bui], Lobala 1 Mbombe C16A Lobala-Sud said to be at 18.5°E-2.7°N but Mbombe = Bombe is at 18.14712-2.10232 = Lobala [loq], Lobala 2 Botugu C16A said to be at *18.6°E-2.7°N but Botungu = Botugu is at 18.29944-2.0667 and falls within Bomboli = Bomboli-Bozaba [bml], Aka C18 = Yaka (Central African Republic) [axk], Ngando C19 = Ngando (Central African Republic) [ngd], Koyo 1 Mawenge C24 = Koyo [koh], Koyo 2 Ilebou C24 = Koyo [koh], Mboshi 1 Boundji C25 = Mbosi [mdw], Mboshi 2 d. ngolo C25 = Mbosi [mdw], Mboshi 3 d. olee C25 = Mbosi [mdw], Mboshi 4 Olombo C25 = Mbosi [mdw], Kuba C27 = Likuba [kxx], Bambomba C30Ba = Bomitaba [zmx], Boloki C30Bo = Boloki [bkt], Gyando C30G = Dzando [dzn], Kibay C30Kb = Sakata [skt], Kesha 1 C30Kel = Sakata [skt], Kesha 2 Mfimi C30Ke2 = Sakata [skt], Leku 1 Ibenge C30Le1 = Eleku = Lusengo [lse], Leku 2 Bonginda C30Le2 = Eleku = Lusengo [lse], Likau C30Lka = Bomboma [bws], Likoka C30Lko from Iwondo said to be at 18.7-2.7 --- I have trouble finding Iwondo on maps but indirect inferences place it appx 18.52-1.87 but the language is closest to Bomboli-Bozaba [bml], Mbompo C30Mb = Moi (Congo) [mow], Moya 1 Bolobo C30Mo1 = Moi (Congo) [mow], Moya 2 Nkoboko C30Mo2 = Moi (Congo) [mow], Moya 3 Nsangasi C30Mo3 = Moi (Congo) [mow], Ndobo C30Nd = Ndobo [ndw], Nunu C30Nu = Moi (Congo) [mow], Pama C30P = Mpama [NOCODE_Mpama], Balobo C31B = Balobo [lie], Libinza C31Lb = Libinza [liz], Loi 1 C31Lo1 = Loi-Likila [biz], Loi 2 d. likila C31Lo2 = Loi-Likila [biz], Mbonzo C31Mb of Imphondo = Bonjo = Bonjo [bok], Mwe C31Mw = Bamwe [bmg], Zamba C31Z = Zamba [NOCODE_Zamba], Bobangi C32 = Bangi [bni], Sengele C33 = Sengele [szg], Sakata C34 = Sakata [skt], Bolia 1 Bandundu C35Bo1 = Bolia [bli], Bolia 2 Nsao C35Bo2 = Bolia [bli], Ntomba 1 Bikoro C35Nt1 = Ntomba [nto], Ntomba 2 Issiboto C35Nt2 = Ntomba [nto], Ntomba 3 Bandundu C35Nt3 = Ntomba [nto], Ntomba 4 Inongo C35Nt4 = Ntomba [nto], Lingala C36 from van Everbroeck 1956 = Northwestern Lingala [NOCODE_Northwestern-Lingala], Buja 1 Monongo C37 = Budya [bja], Buja 2 Bumba C37 = Budya [bja], Doko C40D from Twilingiyimana seems to be Bwela not Ngombe-Doko [bwl], Kula C40K from Akula of Budjala 20.2E-2.3N = Tembo [tmv], Ngombe C41 = Ngombe (Democratic Republic of Congo) [ngc], Benge C43 = Bwa [bww], Bwa 1 Buta C44 = Bwa [bww], Bwa 2 d. babanda C44 = Bwa [bww], Bwa 3 d. balisi C44 = Bwa [bww], Bwa 4 Banalya C44 = Bwa [bww], Bwa 5 Banalya C44 = Bwa [bww], Angba C45 = Bwa [bww], Motembo C46A = Motembo [tmv], Babale C46C from Mpa region Equateur 17.15E-2.1S (there is such a place but unlikely the data is actually from there) closest to Motembo [tmv], Elambo Bolomboki C50E groups linguistically with Lombo [loo], Langa 1 Balanga C50L1 geographically Tetela but resembles Mbole more = Mbole [mdq], Langa 2 Bambuli C50L2 geographically Tetela but resembles Mbole more = Mbole [mdq], Mbesa C51 = Mbesa [zms], So 1 Yalemba C52 by J Carrington closest to Mbesa [zms], So 2 Yabaondo C52 = So (Democratic Republic of Congo) [soc], So 3 Wenge C52 = So (Democratic Republic of Congo) [soc], So 4 Bauma C52 = So (Democratic Republic of Congo) [soc], Poke 1 d. Iyombo C53 = Poke [pof], Poke 2 Yalisingo C53 = Poke [pof], Lombo C54 = Lombo [loo], Kele 1 Yakusu C55 = Kele [khy], Kele 2 Isangi C55 = Kele [khy], Likile C57 = Kele [khy], Linga C58 = Lombo [loo], Mongo 1 d. nkundo C61 = Mongo [lol], Mongo 2 d. nkundo C61 = Mongo [lol], Mongo 3 Opala C61 = Mongo [lol], Mongo 4 d. konda C61 = Mongo [lol], Mbole 1 Bolomboki C68 geographically and linguistically grouping with Lombo [loo], Mbole 2 Opala C68 = Mbole [mdq], Tetela 1 C71 = Tetela [tll], Tetela 2 d. yondo C71 = Tetela [tll], Kucu 1 C72 Matapa-Lungu-zone de Kibombo = Kusu [ksv], Kucu 2 C72 Weta-zone de Kibombo = Kusu [ksv], Kela of Forges C75 = Kela see Hulstaert (1999:20-21) Dialectologie Mongo = Kela-Yela [yel], Ombo C76 = Ombo [oml], Ilebo C80I = Bushoong [buf], Mbingi C80Mb = Dengese [dez], Ndengese C81 = Dengese [dez], Bushong 1 Nsheng C83 = Bushoong [buf], Bushong 2 C83 = Bushoong [buf], Lele 1 Mboombe C84 closest to Bushoong [buf], Lele 2 = Lele (Democratic Republic of Congo) [lel], Lele 3 Iboombu C84 = Lele (Democratic Republic of Congo) [lel], Wongo 1 Kweso C85 = Wongo [won], Wongo 2 Kavuvu C85 = Wongo [won], Shuwa C89 closest to Dengese [dez], Cwa C90 TODO should be bushong, Kwange D10K = Zimba [zmb], Songe D10S = Songe [sop], Zura D10Z = NE Songe = Zula [zla], Lengola D12 = Lengola [lej], Mituku D13 = Mituku [zmq], Enya 1 Kibombo D14 = Enya [gey], Enya 2 Manda D14 = Enya [gey], Enya 3 Kisangani D14 TODO, Lumbwe D20L = Holoholo [hoo], Tumbwe D20T = Holoholo [hoo], Binja-N 1 d. Ulindi D24 = Songoora [sod], Binja-N 2 d. Kasenga D24 = Songoora [sod], Lega 1 Kitila D25 = Lega-Shabunda = Lega-Shabunda [lea], Lega 2 Shabunda D25 = Lega-Shabunda [lea], Lega 3 Mwenga D25 = Lega-Mwenga [lgm], Binja-S D26 = Zimba [zmb], Holoholo D28 = Holoholo [hoo], Liliko D30 = Lika [lik], Bira 1 Miala D32 = Bira [brf], Bira 2 Badiya D32 = Bira [brf], Nyali 1 Matete D33 = Nyali [nlj], Nyali 2 Kilo D33 = Nyali [nlj], Bodo 1 Badimbia D35 = Budu [buu], Bodo 2 Legu D35 = Budu [buu], Kumu 1 Bayangana D37 = Komo (Democratic Republic of Congo) [kmw], Kumu 2 D37 = Komo (Democratic Republic of Congo) [kmw], Nyanga D43 = Nyanga [nyj], Buyu D55 = Buyu [byi], Logoli E41 = Logooli [rag], Gikuyu E51 = Kikuyu [kik], Tharaka E54 = Tharaka [thk], Kamba E55 dial. Ulu = Kamba (Kenya) [kam], Caga 1 d. moshi kilema E62 = Mochi [old], Caga 2 d. moshi nkichaka E62 = Mochi [old], Pokomo 1 Masalani E71 = Pokomo [pkb], Pokomo 2 Garsen E71 = Pokomo [pkb], Giryama 1 Goshi E72A = Giryama [nyf], Giryama 2 Kilifi E72A = Giryama [nyf], Conyi E72C = Chonyi [coh], Rabai E72E = Kigiryama [nyf], Digo 1 Msamlweni E73 = Digo [dig], Digo 2 E73 = Digo [dig], Digo 3 d. segeju E73 = Segeju [seg], Dawida E74A = Taita [dav], Sagala E74B = Sagala [sbm], Sukuma F21 = Sukuma [suk], Sumbwa F23 = Sumbwa [suw], Nyiramba F31 = Nilamba [nim], Gogo G11 = Gogo [gog], Kaguru G12 = Kagulu [kki], Taveta G21 = Taveta [tvs], Pare 1 Malindi G22 = Asu (Tanzania) [asa], Pare 2 G22 = Asu (Tanzania) [asa], Pare 3 d. casu G22 = Chasu = Asu (Tanzania) [asa], Shambala G23 [ksb], Bondei G24 = Bondei [bou], Zigula G31 = Zigula [ziw], Ngwele G32 = Kwere [cwe], Zaramo 1 G33 = Zaramo [zaj], Zaramo 2 d. doe G33 = Kidoe [doe], Ngulu G34 = Ngulu [ngp], Luguru G35 = Luguru [ruf], Kami G36 = Kami (Tanzania) [kcu], Kutu G37 = Kutu [kdc], Elwana G40E = Ilwana [mlk], Miini 1 G40M1 = Chimwiini = Chimwiini [NOCODE_Chimwiini], Miini 2 G40M2 = Chimwiini = Chimwiini [NOCODE_Chimwiini], Vumba G40V = Swahili (individual language) [swh], Tikuu G41 = Swahili [swh], Swahili 1 Dar-es-Salaam Dar-es-Salaam G42 = Swahili (individual language) [swh], Swahili 2 st. Standard Swahili G42 = Swahili (individual language) [swh], Pemba G42A = Swahili (individual language) [swh], Hadimu G43C = Swahili [swh], Swahili Comores G44 = Maore Comorian [swb], Ngazija G44A = Ngazidja Comorian [zdj], Njuani G44B = Ndzwani Comorian [wni], Mwani 1 G44C Wibu et Pemba = Mwani [wmw], Mwani 2 G44C Cabo Delgado = Mwani [wmw], Kinga G65 = Kinga [zga], Mboma H10 = South Kikongo = South-Central Kikongo [kng], Bembe 1 Mouyondzi H11 = Beembe [beq], Bembe 2 Mabombo H11 = Beembe [beq], Vili 1 Congo H12A = Vili [vif], Vili 2 Gabon H12A collected by Marchal-Nasse quite deviant but nevertheless probably a poorly recorded/deviant Civili (resembles I-vili of la Ngounié much less) = Vili [vif], Yombe 1 Zaire H12B from Lukamba-Niolo (Tshela) = Yombe [yom], Yombe 2 Congo H12B from Kakamoeka in Kouilou (Congo) = Vili [vif], Kunyi H13A = Kunyi [njx], Sundi Kifouma H13B closest to Sonde [shc], Manyanga H16B = South-Central Kikongo [kng], Laadi 1 H16F = Laari [ldi], Laadi 2 Madzia H16F = Laari [ldi], Ntandu H16G = Eastern Kikongo [NOCODE_Eastern-Kikongo], Sikongo H16H = Koongo [kng], Sundi 1 Kimongo H16I = Suundi [sdj], Sundi 2 Mboko-Songo H16I = Suundi [sdj], Sondi 3 Mavunda H16I erroneously mapped to Bandundu province in DRC but the data is Sundi from Congo-Brazzaville and is closest linguistically to Hangala = Laari [ldi], Sundi 4 Boko H16I = Suundi [sdj], Hangala H16JH = Laari [ldi], Kamba H16JK = Kaamba [xku], Zombo 1 Makela H16K = South-Central Kikongo [kng], Zombo 2 Damba H16K = South-Central Kikongo [kng], Songu H24 in Zaire = Songo [nsx], Yaka 1 d. kipheleende H31 = Pelende = Yaka-Pelende-Lonzo [yaf], Yaka 2 Kasongo H31 = Yaka-Pelende-Lonzo [yaf], Yaka 3 Popokabaka H31 = Yaka-Pelende-Lonzo [yaf], Yaka 4 d. sud H31 = Yaka-Pelende-Lonzo [yaf], Suku H32 = Suku [sub], Hungana 1 Lundu H42 = Hungana [hum], Hungana 2 Bulungu H42 = Hungana [hum], Hungana 3 H42 = Hungana [hum], Sondi H43 = Sonde [shc], Yaka J00 TODO, Hema J11 = Hema [nix], Hima J13 = Nyankore [nyn], Ganda J15 = Ganda [lug], Soga J16 = Soga [xog], Gwere J17 = Gwere [gwr], Regi J20 = Kara (Tanzania) [reg], Talinga J21 = Talinga-Bwisi [tlj], Haya J22H = Haya [hay], Ziba J22Z = Haya [hay], Zinza J23 [zin], Kerebe J24 = Kerewe [ked], Jita J25J = Jita [jit], Kwaya J25K = Kwaya [kya], Kisa J30K = Kisa [lks], Marama J30M = Marama [lrm], Nyala J30N = West Nyala [NOCODE_West-Nyala], Bukusu J31C = Bukusu [bxk], Isuka J32 = Isukha = Luidakho-Luisukha-Lutirichi [ida], Samia J34 = Saamia [lsm], Yira 1 d. swaga J42 = Nande [nnb], Yira 2 d. shu J42 = Nande [nnb], Yira J42 Nande J42 = Nande [nnb], Hunde J51 = Hunde [hke], Havu J52 = Havu [hav], Shi J53 = Shi [shr], Tembo J57 = Tembo [tbt], Rwanda 1 J61 = Kinyarwanda [kin], Rwanda 2 d. rera J61 = Kinyarwanda [kin], Rwanda 3 d. goyi J61 = Kinyarwanda [kin], Rwanda 4 Kinigi (Twa) J61 TODO, Rundi J62 = Rundi [run], Fuliru-Vira 1 d. fuliru J63 = Fuliiru [flr], Fuliru-Vira 2 d. vira J63 = Joba [job], Vinza J67 = Vinza [vin], Ciokwe K11 = Cokwe [cjk], Lwena 1 K14 = Luvale [lue], Lwena 2 K14 = Luvale [lue], Mbunda K15 = Mbunda [mck], Gangela K19 = Nyemba [nba], Salampasu K21 = Salampasu [slx], Lunda 1 d. ndembu K22 = Lunda [lun], Lunda 2 Mwinilunga K22 = Lunda [lun], Ruund K23 = Ruund [rnd], Luyi K31 = Luyana [lyn], Kwangali K33 = Kwangali [kwn], Dciriku K39 = Diriku [diu], Holu K50 = Holu [hol], Mbala 1 Ivukuna K51 = Mbala [mdp], Mbala 2 Yasa K51 = Mbala [mdp], Mbala 3 Kingumba K51 closest to Salampasu = Salampasu [slx], Mbala 4 Mbela K51 = Mbala [mdp], Pheende K52 = Pende = Phende [pem], Kwezo K53 = Kwese [kws], Yazi L20 (?sans doute proche du hemba) 26.8E/5.3S = Hemba-Yazi [hem], Kete 1 Ipila L21 = Kete [kcv], Kete 2 Katamb L21 groups with Kanyok [kny], Mbagani L22A 21.7E 6.7S = Mbagani in Kasai = Binji [bpj], Lwalwa 1 Bishishaawu L22B = Lwalu [lwa], Lwalwa 2 d. Balolo L22B = Lwalu [lwa], Songye L23 = Songe [sop], Bangubangu 1 Mutingwa L27 = Bangubangu [bnx], Bangubangu 2 Kabambare L27 = Bangubangu [bnx], Kebwe L30 close enough to Hemba = Hemba [hem], Luba-Ks L31 = Luba-Kasai [lua], Kanyok L32 = Kanyok [kny], Luba-Sh L33 = Luba-Katanga [lub], Hemba 1 d. nyembo L34 = Hemba [hem], Hemba 2 d. mambwe L34 = Hemba [hem], Sanga L35 = Sanga (Democratic Republic of Congo) [sng], Kaonde L42 = Kaonde [kqn], Nkoya L62 = Nkoya [nka], Mambwe M15 = Mambwe-Lungu [mgr], Nyakyusa 1 Karonga M31 = Nyakyusa-Ngonde [nyy], Nyakyusa 2 Mbeya M31 = Nyakyusa-Ngonde [nyy], Nyakyusa 3 Karonga 2 M31 = Nyakyusa-Ngonde [nyy], Bwile M40Bw (?sans doute proche du taabwa) = Bwile [bwc], Ngumbo M40Ng = Ng'umba = Tabwa 2 in Zambia = Bemba = Bemba (Zambia) [bem], Tabwa 1 Zaire M41 = Taabwa [tap], Tabwa 2 Zambia M41 = Bemba (Zambia) [bem], Bemba M42 = Bemba [bem], Aushi M43 = Aushi [auh], Temba M50 = Lala-Bisa [leb], Lala M52 = Lala-Bisa [leb], Lamba M54 = Lamba [lam], Mbalangwe M60 = Subiya [sbs], Lenje M61 = Lenje [leh], Soli M62 = Soli [sby], Tonga 1 Zimbabwe M64 = Tonga (Zambia) [toi], Tonga 2 Zambia M64 = Tonga (Zambia) [toi], Mpoto N14 = Mpoto [mpa], Tumbuka 1 N21 = Tumbuka [tum], Tumbuka 2 Mzimba N21 = Tumbuka [tum], Sukwa N25 = Ndali [ndh], Lambya N26 = Lambya [lai], Nyasa N31 = Mwera [mjh], Nyanja N31A = Nyanja [nya], Cewa N31B = Nyanja [nya], Senga 1 Chipata N41 = Tumbuka [tum], Senga 2 Chama N41 = Nsenga [nse], Kunda N42 = Chikunda [kdn], Sena N44 = Sena [seh], Yao 1 Blantyre P21 = Yao [yao], Yao 2 Mbesa P21 = Yao [yao], Makwa 1 Ile de Mozambique P31 = Nahara = Makhuwa [vmw], Makwa 2 Malema P31 = Makhuwa [vmw], Makwa 3 Nampula P31 = Makhuwa [vmw], Makwa 4 Alua P31 = Makhuwa [vmw], Lomwe P32 = Lomwe [ngl], Umbundu 1 Calusinga R11 = Umbundu [umb], Umbundu 2 Bie R11 = Umbundu [umb], Nkhumbi R14 = Olunkhumbi [khu], Kwanyama R21 = Kuanyama [kua], Ndonga R22 = Ndonga [ndo], Herero R31 = Herero [her], Shona S10 = Shona [sna], Korekore S11 = Shona [sna], Zezuru S12 = Shona [sna], Manyika S13 = Manyika [mxc], Karanga S14 = Shona [sna], Ndau S15 = Ndau [ndc], Kalanga S16 = Kalanga [kck], Venda S21 = Venda [ven], Tswana S31 = Tswana [tsn], Khalaxadi S31d = Kgalagadi [xkv], Sotho-S S33 = Southern Sotho [sot], Lozi S34 = Lozi [loz], Xhosa S41 = Xhosa [xho], Zulu S42 = Zulu [zul], Swati S43 = Swati [ssw], Ndebele S44 of Matabeleland Zimbabwe = Zimbabwean Ndebele [nde], Ngoni S45 of Mzimba-Northern region-Malawi = Zulu [zul], Tswa S51 = Tswa [tsc], Nkuna S52 = Tsonga [tso], Tsonga S53 = Tsonga [tso], Ronga S54 = Ronga [rng], Konde S54A = Ronga [rng], Luleke S54B = Tsonga [tso]},
  macro_area            = {Africa},
  mpi_eva_library_shelf = {PL 8025 BAS 1999},
  oclc                  = {44480783},
  src                   = {eballiso2009, evobib, hh, mpieva, weball},
  subject_headings      = {Bantu languages–Lexicology, Bantu languages–Statistics, Bantu languages–Lexicology – Bantu languages–Statistics}
}

Languages

Name in source Glottolog languoid
Ejagham
Tiv
Amasi
Ambele
Asumbo
Ngyemboong d. bangang
Yemba d. atsang
Ghomala 1
Ghomala 2 d. central Cameroun
Fe'fe' 1
Fe'fe' 2 d. central fa'
Fe'fe' 3 d. central
Mbo A15
Duala 1 A24
Duala 2 d. pongo A24
Duala 3 d. malimba A24
Bubi A31
Batanga 1 d. puku A32
Batanga 2 d. batanga A32
Batanga 3 d. noho A32
Benga 1 Corisco A34
Benga 2 Gabon A34
Basaa A43a
Bakoko A43b
Nen A44
Lefa 1 d. tingong A51
Lefa 2 A51
Lefa 3 d. maja
Rikpa 1
Rikpa 2 A53
Tibea A54
Tuki A61
Yambasa central 1 d. mmaala A62
Yambasa central 2 d. nu yangben A62
Nu Gunu A66
Ewondo 1 A72
Ewondo 2 A72
Ewondo 3 d. eki A72
Ewondo 4 d. eton 1 A72
Bulu A74
Fang 1 d. ntumu
Fang 2 d. make
Fang 3 A75
Koozime A84
Mpo 1 d. bekwil A86
Mpo 2 d. bekwil A86
Mpo 3 d. bekwil A86
Mpo 4 d. mpiemo Cameroun
Mpo 5 d. mpiemo Centrafrique
Bomwali 1
Bomwali 2 d. lino
Pomo A92B
Kako 1 Cameroun A93
Kako 2 Centrafrique A93
Kweso 1 Centrafrique A94
Kweso 2 Congo A94
Mpongwe B11A
Rungu-Nkomi d. nkomi B11B
Galwa 1 B11C
Galwa 2 Lambarene B11C
Sama B20
Seki B21
Ngom B22B
Mbangwe B23
Wumvu 1 Gabon B24
Wumvu 2 Congo B24
Wumvu 3 Kissiele
Kota 1 madungwe
Kota 2 B25
Kota 3 B25
Kota 4 Mbomo
Mahongwe B26
Sake 1 B27
Sake 2 B27
Ndasa 1 B28
Ndasa 2 B28
Tsogo B31
Pinji B33
Pove B34
Himba B36
Bwali B40 of the Ngounié in Gabon 10.6°E-1.4°S linguistically very close to Barama
Shira B41
Sangu 1 B42
Sangu 2 B42
Punu 1 Gabon B43
Punu 2 Congo
Lumbu 1 Gabon B44 (aberrant but anyway)
Lumbu 2 Banda B44
Lumbu 3 Nkola
Lumbu 4 Gabon
Bwisi B45
Varama 1 B46
Varama 2 B46
Vungu 1 B47
Vungu 2 B47
Bongo Koudja B50 (Pygmées) Koudja-Divenie-Niari-Congo (pygmees) 12°E-3.1°S too aberrant to fit an existing language but possibly Duma or Njebi
Duma 1 B51
Duma 2 d. wanzi B51
Nzebi 1 Gabon B52
Nzebi 2 Congo B52
Tsangi B53
Mbere B61
Mbamba 1 Gabon B62 = Ombamba
Mbamba 2 d. mpini B62 = Ombamba
Mbamba 3 Gabon B62 = Ombamba
Ndumo 1 B63
Ndumo 2 d. kuya B63
Kaningi B64
Tee 1 Boundji B71
Tee 2 Abala B71
Tee 3 Bouenza
Tee 4 Omvula
Tee 5 Mbe lexically closest to Teke-Eboo-Nzikou
Ngungwel B72
Teke-W 1 Komono B73
Teke-W 2 Bambana B73
Teke-W 3 Kissiele B73
Teke-W 4 d. iyaa B73
Teke-W 5 d. lali Bouenza B73
Teke-W 6 d. lali Lekoumou
Boma B74 = Teke Boma
Teke-E 1 B76
Teke-E 2 Tua B76 closest to Boma Nkuu
Teke-E 3 B76 possibly
Teke-E 4 Bolobo B76 closest to Teke-Eboo-Nzikou
Kukwa 1 B77
Kukwa 2 B77
Fumu-Wumbu 1 d. fumu Congo B78
Fumu-Wumbu 2 d. fumu Zaire B78
Fumu-Wumbu 3 d. wumu Mobenga B78
Fumu-Wumbu 4 d. wumbu Isaangampyu B78
Fumu-Wumbu 5 d. wumbu-E B78
Fumu-wumbu 6 d. wumbu Kasangulu B78
Kempee B80K
Lwel 1 B80L = Lwel
Lwel 2 Mateko B80L
Lwel 3 Mtu B80L
Mpiin 1 Madzing B80M
Mpiin 2 Biyung B80M
Ngongo-W 1 Kikasan B80Ng1 18.2E and 5.7S
Ngongo-W 2 Kinkaam B80Ng2
Nunu B80Nu at Mushie/Zaire 16.9E/3.1S closest (Pacchiarotti 2019:184) to Mpee
Nzadi 1 Kutu B80N
Nzadi 2 Panu B80N
Tiene 1 Botala B81
Tiene 2 d. dia B81
Tiene 3 Wamba B81 perhaps mislabeled but geographically and lexically closest (Pacchiarotti 2019) to Boma Nkuu
Boma 1 Ekemwa B82 = Boma Nord
Boma 2 Saio B82
Boma 3 Kondzulu B82 = Boma Nord
Mfinu 1 B83 wrongly mapped (?)
Mfinu 2 d. kinsi B83 wrongly mapped (?)
Mfinu 3 Mungata B83
Mpuono 1 B84 (p 185-193-202) possibly closest to Kwa South
Mpuono 2 Fadiaka B84 = Mpuono
Yanz 1 Kibongo B85
Yanz 2 B85
Yanz 3 B85
Yanz 4 B85
Yanz 5 B85
Yanz 6 d. yey Bagata B85
Yanz 7 d. tsambaan this is Samba L12a see Pacchiarotti et al 2019:221
Yanz 8 d. tsong Masi B85 = Tsong
Yanz 9 d. tsong Mwilabongo B85
Yanz 10 d. mput Dwe B85 = Mput
Yanz 11 d. mput Kwebe B85 = Mput
Yanz 12 d. mput Kolonzadi B85
Yanz 13 d. tsambaan Nkara B85 = Ntsambaan
Ding 1 Bisey B86
Ding 2 B86
Ding 3 Sedzo B86
Ding 4 B86
Mbun 1 Mwilambong B87
Mbun 2 B87
Mbun 3 Milundu B87
Ngwi 1 Idiofa B88
Ngwi 2 Kapia B88
Ngwi 3 Tsengentsenge B88
Ngwi 4 Mangai B88
Ngwi 5 Mateko B88
Ngengele C00
Babole 1 Dzeke C10Ba1
Babole 2 Impfondo C10Ba2
Bwamba of Mbaiki-Boda ClOBw
Ngondi of Nola-Berberati C11 = Ngundi
Pande 1 C12
Pande 2 d. gongo C12
Mbati C13
Leke C14
Mokiba 1 Ibonga Cl5
Mokiba 2 C15
Mokiba 3 Ekouomou C15
Lobala 1 Mbombe C16A Lobala-Sud said to be at 18.5°E-2.7°N but Mbombe = Bombe is at 18.14712-2.10232
Lobala 2 Botugu C16A said to be at *18.6°E-2.7°N but Botungu = Botugu is at 18.29944-2.0667 and falls within Bomboli
Aka C18
Ngando C19
Koyo 1 Mawenge C24
Koyo 2 Ilebou C24
Mboshi 1 Boundji C25
Mboshi 2 d. ngolo C25
Mboshi 3 d. olee C25
Mboshi 4 Olombo C25
Kuba C27
Bambomba C30Ba
Boloki C30Bo
Gyando C30G
Kibay C30Kb
Kesha 1 C30Kel
Kesha 2 Mfimi C30Ke2
Leku 1 Ibenge C30Le1 = Eleku
Leku 2 Bonginda C30Le2 = Eleku
Likau C30Lka
Likoka C30Lko from Iwondo said to be at 18.7-2.7 --- I have trouble finding Iwondo on maps but indirect inferences place it appx 18.52-1.87 but the language is closest to Bomboli-Bozaba
Mbompo C30Mb
Moya 1 Bolobo C30Mo1
Moya 2 Nkoboko C30Mo2
Moya 3 Nsangasi C30Mo3
Ndobo C30Nd
Nunu C30Nu
Pama C30P
Balobo C31B
Libinza C31Lb
Loi 1 C31Lo1
Loi 2 d. likila C31Lo2
Mbonzo C31Mb of Imphondo = Bonjo
Mwe C31Mw
Zamba C31Z
Bobangi C32
Sengele C33
Sakata C34
Bolia 1 Bandundu C35Bo1
Bolia 2 Nsao C35Bo2
Ntomba 1 Bikoro C35Nt1
Ntomba 2 Issiboto C35Nt2
Ntomba 3 Bandundu C35Nt3
Ntomba 4 Inongo C35Nt4
Lingala C36 from van Everbroeck 1956
Buja 1 Monongo C37
Buja 2 Bumba C37
Doko C40D from Twilingiyimana seems to be Bwela not Ngombe-Doko
Kula C40K from Akula of Budjala 20.2E-2.3N
Ngombe C41
Benge C43
Bwa 1 Buta C44
Bwa 2 d. babanda C44
Bwa 3 d. balisi C44
Bwa 4 Banalya C44
Bwa 5 Banalya C44
Angba C45
Motembo C46A
Babale C46C from Mpa region Equateur 17.15E-2.1S (there is such a place but unlikely the data is actually from there) closest to Motembo
Elambo Bolomboki C50E groups linguistically with Lombo
Langa 1 Balanga C50L1 geographically Tetela but resembles Mbole more
Langa 2 Bambuli C50L2 geographically Tetela but resembles Mbole more
Mbesa C51
So 1 Yalemba C52 by J Carrington closest to Mbesa
So 2 Yabaondo C52
So 3 Wenge C52
So 4 Bauma C52
Poke 1 d. Iyombo C53
Poke 2 Yalisingo C53
Lombo C54
Kele 1 Yakusu C55
Kele 2 Isangi C55
Likile C57
Linga C58
Mongo 1 d. nkundo C61
Mongo 2 d. nkundo C61
Mongo 3 Opala C61
Mongo 4 d. konda C61
Mbole 1 Bolomboki C68 geographically and linguistically grouping with Lombo
Mbole 2 Opala C68
Tetela 1 C71
Tetela 2 d. yondo C71
Kucu 1 C72 Matapa-Lungu-zone de Kibombo
Kucu 2 C72 Weta-zone de Kibombo
Kela of Forges C75 = Kela see Hulstaert (1999:20-21) Dialectologie Mongo
Ombo C76
Ilebo C80I
Mbingi C80Mb
Ndengese C81
Bushong 1 Nsheng C83
Bushong 2 C83
Lele 1 Mboombe C84 closest to Bushoong
Lele 2
Lele 3 Iboombu C84
Wongo 1 Kweso C85
Wongo 2 Kavuvu C85
Shuwa C89 closest to Dengese
Cwa C90 TODO should be bushong
    Kwange D10K
    Songe D10S
    Zura D10Z = NE Songe
    Lengola D12
    Mituku D13
    Enya 1 Kibombo D14
    Enya 2 Manda D14
    Enya 3 Kisangani D14 TODO
      Lumbwe D20L
      Tumbwe D20T
      Binja-N 1 d. Ulindi D24
      Binja-N 2 d. Kasenga D24
      Lega 1 Kitila D25 = Lega-Shabunda
      Lega 2 Shabunda D25
      Lega 3 Mwenga D25
      Binja-S D26
      Holoholo D28
      Liliko D30
      Bira 1 Miala D32
      Bira 2 Badiya D32
      Nyali 1 Matete D33
      Nyali 2 Kilo D33
      Bodo 1 Badimbia D35
      Bodo 2 Legu D35
      Kumu 1 Bayangana D37
      Kumu 2 D37
      Nyanga D43
      Buyu D55
      Logoli E41
      Gikuyu E51
      Tharaka E54
      Kamba E55 dial. Ulu
      Caga 1 d. moshi kilema E62
      Caga 2 d. moshi nkichaka E62
      Pokomo 1 Masalani E71
      Pokomo 2 Garsen E71
      Giryama 1 Goshi E72A
      Giryama 2 Kilifi E72A
      Conyi E72C
      Rabai E72E
      Digo 1 Msamlweni E73
      Digo 2 E73
      Digo 3 d. segeju E73
      Dawida E74A
      Sagala E74B
      Sukuma F21
      Sumbwa F23
      Nyiramba F31
      Gogo G11
      Kaguru G12
      Taveta G21
      Pare 1 Malindi G22
      Pare 2 G22
      Pare 3 d. casu G22 = Chasu
      Shambala G23
      Bondei G24
      Zigula G31
      Ngwele G32
      Zaramo 1 G33
      Zaramo 2 d. doe G33
      Ngulu G34
      Luguru G35
      Kami G36
      Kutu G37
      Elwana G40E
      Miini 1 G40M1 = Chimwiini
      Miini 2 G40M2 = Chimwiini
      Vumba G40V
      Tikuu G41
      Swahili 1 Dar-es-Salaam Dar-es-Salaam G42
      Swahili 2 st. Standard Swahili G42
      Pemba G42A
      Hadimu G43C
      Swahili Comores G44
      Ngazija G44A
      Njuani G44B
      Mwani 1 G44C Wibu et Pemba
      Mwani 2 G44C Cabo Delgado
      Kinga G65
      Mboma H10 = South Kikongo
      Bembe 1 Mouyondzi H11
      Bembe 2 Mabombo H11
      Vili 1 Congo H12A
      Vili 2 Gabon H12A collected by Marchal-Nasse quite deviant but nevertheless probably a poorly recorded/deviant Civili (resembles I-vili of la Ngounié much less)
      Yombe 1 Zaire H12B from Lukamba-Niolo (Tshela)
      Yombe 2 Congo H12B from Kakamoeka in Kouilou (Congo)
      Kunyi H13A
      Sundi Kifouma H13B closest to Sonde
      Manyanga H16B
      Laadi 1 H16F
      Laadi 2 Madzia H16F
      Ntandu H16G
      Sikongo H16H
      Sundi 1 Kimongo H16I
      Sundi 2 Mboko-Songo H16I
      Sondi 3 Mavunda H16I erroneously mapped to Bandundu province in DRC but the data is Sundi from Congo-Brazzaville and is closest linguistically to Hangala
      Sundi 4 Boko H16I
      Hangala H16JH
      Kamba H16JK
      Zombo 1 Makela H16K
      Zombo 2 Damba H16K
      Songu H24 in Zaire
      Yaka 1 d. kipheleende H31 = Pelende
      Yaka 2 Kasongo H31
      Yaka 3 Popokabaka H31
      Yaka 4 d. sud H31
      Suku H32
      Hungana 1 Lundu H42
      Hungana 2 Bulungu H42
      Hungana 3 H42
      Sondi H43
      Yaka J00 TODO
        Hema J11
        Hima J13
        Ganda J15
        Soga J16
        Gwere J17
        Regi J20
        Talinga J21
        Haya J22H
        Ziba J22Z
        Zinza J23
        Kerebe J24
        Jita J25J
        Kwaya J25K
        Kisa J30K
        Marama J30M
        Nyala J30N
        Bukusu J31C
        Isuka J32 = Isukha
        Samia J34
        Yira 1 d. swaga J42
        Yira 2 d. shu J42
        Yira J42 Nande J42
        Hunde J51
        Havu J52
        Shi J53
        Tembo J57
        Rwanda 1 J61
        Rwanda 2 d. rera J61
        Rwanda 3 d. goyi J61
        Rwanda 4 Kinigi (Twa) J61 TODO
          Rundi J62
          Fuliru-Vira 1 d. fuliru J63
          Fuliru-Vira 2 d. vira J63
          Vinza J67
          Ciokwe K11
          Lwena 1 K14
          Lwena 2 K14
          Mbunda K15
          Gangela K19
          Salampasu K21
          Lunda 1 d. ndembu K22
          Lunda 2 Mwinilunga K22
          Ruund K23
          Luyi K31
          Kwangali K33
          Dciriku K39
          Holu K50
          Mbala 1 Ivukuna K51
          Mbala 2 Yasa K51
          Mbala 3 Kingumba K51 closest to Salampasu
          Mbala 4 Mbela K51
          Pheende K52 = Pende
          Kwezo K53
          Yazi L20 (?sans doute proche du hemba) 26.8E/5.3S
          Kete 1 Ipila L21
          Kete 2 Katamb L21 groups with Kanyok
          Mbagani L22A 21.7E 6.7S = Mbagani in Kasai
          Lwalwa 1 Bishishaawu L22B
          Lwalwa 2 d. Balolo L22B
          Songye L23
          Bangubangu 1 Mutingwa L27
          Bangubangu 2 Kabambare L27
          Kebwe L30 close enough to Hemba
          Luba-Ks L31
          Kanyok L32
          Luba-Sh L33
          Hemba 1 d. nyembo L34
          Hemba 2 d. mambwe L34
          Sanga L35
          Kaonde L42
          Nkoya L62
          Mambwe M15
          Nyakyusa 1 Karonga M31
          Nyakyusa 2 Mbeya M31
          Nyakyusa 3 Karonga 2 M31
          Bwile M40Bw (?sans doute proche du taabwa)
          Ngumbo M40Ng = Ng'umba = Tabwa 2 in Zambia = Bemba
          Tabwa 1 Zaire M41
          Tabwa 2 Zambia M41
          Bemba M42
          Aushi M43
          Temba M50
          Lala M52
          Lamba M54
          Mbalangwe M60
          Lenje M61
          Soli M62
          Tonga 1 Zimbabwe M64
          Tonga 2 Zambia M64
          Mpoto N14
          Tumbuka 1 N21
          Tumbuka 2 Mzimba N21
          Sukwa N25
          Lambya N26
          Nyasa N31
          Nyanja N31A
          Cewa N31B
          Senga 1 Chipata N41
          Senga 2 Chama N41
          Kunda N42
          Sena N44
          Yao 1 Blantyre P21
          Yao 2 Mbesa P21
          Makwa 1 Ile de Mozambique P31 = Nahara
          Makwa 2 Malema P31
          Makwa 3 Nampula P31
          Makwa 4 Alua P31
          Lomwe P32
          Umbundu 1 Calusinga R11
          Umbundu 2 Bie R11
          Nkhumbi R14
          Kwanyama R21
          Ndonga R22
          Herero R31
          Shona S10
          Korekore S11
          Zezuru S12
          Manyika S13
          Karanga S14
          Ndau S15
          Kalanga S16
          Venda S21
          Tswana S31
          Khalaxadi S31d
          Sotho-S S33
          Lozi S34
          Xhosa S41
          Zulu S42
          Swati S43
          Ndebele S44 of Matabeleland Zimbabwe
          Ngoni S45 of Mzimba-Northern region-Malawi
          Tswa S51
          Nkuna S52
          Tsonga S53
          Ronga S54
          Konde S54A
          Luleke S54B