Dialect: Bilinarra

Subclassification references
AES status:
nearly extinct
Campbell, Lyle and Lee, Nala Huiying and Okura, Eve and Simpson, Sean and Ueki, Kaori 2022
Bilinarra (5561) = Critically Endangered (100 percent certain, based on the evidence available) (In 2013, Bilinarra has only one first-language speaker and is not being learned by children. Nonetheless, many aspects of Bilinarra are being maintained in language mixing. The most common language practice of middle-aged Bilinarra people is code-switching between Bilinarra and Kriol. This code-switching has fossilised into a mixed language which resembles the Gurindji Kriol spoken at Kalkaringi (McConvell 2008; McConvell and Meakins 2005; Meakins 2008a, 2011c, 2012). This is the main language spoken by Bilinarra people under the age of 35. Meakins, Felicity, and Rachel Nordlinger. A Grammar of Bilinarra : An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory, De Gruyter, Inc., 2013. ProQuest Ebook Central)

(see Felicity Meakins 2013)

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