Koelle, Sigismund W. 1854

Koelle, Sigismund W. 1854. Polyglotta Africana or Comparative Vocabulary of Nearly Three Hundred Words and Phrases in more than One Hundred Distinct African Languages. London: Church Missionary House. 216pp.

@book{66179,
  address          = {London},
  author           = {Koelle, Sigismund W.},
  pages            = {216},
  publisher        = {Church Missionary House},
  title            = {Polyglotta Africana or Comparative Vocabulary of Nearly Three Hundred Words and Phrases in more than One Hundred Distinct African Languages},
  year             = {1854},
  besttxt          = {ptxt\africa\koelle_polyglotta-africana1854.txt},
  citekeys         = {langsci191:koelle1963},
  fn               = {africa\koelle_polyglotta1854.pdf, africa\koelle_polyglotta1854pages.pdf, africa\koelle_polyglotta-africana1854.pdf, africa\koelle_polyglotta-africana1854_o.pdf},
  hhtype           = {overview;wordlist},
  inlg             = {English [eng]},
  isreferencedby   = {langsci191},
  jfmnote          = {Includes samples from many languages, such as Abaja (Igbo), Adampe (Ewe), Afudu (?), Aku (Yoruba), Anfue (Vhe-Ewe), Babuma (B76b/B82?), Bagba (Nkom?), Bagbalang (?), Balu (Mungaka), Bamon, Barba (Bargu), Baseke (Seke B21), Bassa (Kamuku), Basunde (H16e) = Suundi [sdj], Bayon (Ndemli?), Biafada, Bidjogo, Boko (Busa), Bornu (Kanuri), Bumbete (B61), Bunu (Yoruba), Diwala (A24), Egba (Yoruba), Egbira, Eki (Yoruba?), Fulup (Diola), Gio (Dan), Goali (Gbari), Ham, Housa (Hausa), Ibo, Ife (Yoruba), Igala, Ihewe (Edo), Ijesha (Yoruba), Isubu (A23), Jarawa, Jebu (Yoruba), Jumu (Yoruba), Kabende (H16d), Kabunga (Maninka?), Kamuku, Kanyika (L32), Kasandsh (H34), Kaure (Tem), Kiriman (P34), Kisi, Kono, Koro, Landoma, Lapias (?, Cameroon), Lubalo (H23), Mahi (Ewe), Maravi (N31b), Matatan (P31), Mbamba (B62), Mbe, Mbofon (Bakor), Melon (Balong A13), Mende, Mfut (Kaalong), Mimboma (H16a), Mose (Mossi), Mpongwe (B11a), Munio (Kanuri), Muntu (Yao P21), Murundo (Lundu A11), Musentandu (Ntandu H16g), Mutsaya (B73a), Ngoten (A15x), Nguru (Kanuri), Nhalemoe (Central Mbo A15c), Nkele (Kele B22a), Nki (Boki), Ntere (Tege B73), Nupe, Nyamban (Copi S61), Nyombe (Yombe H16c), Ondo (Yoruba), Opanda (Igbira), Orungo (Rongo B11b), Pangela (Umbundu R11), Papiak (Bamun?), Param (Bamileke), Pulo (Fula), Ruunda (L53), Sama (H22), Sarar (Mankanya?), Songo (H24), Soso (Susu), Tiwi (Tiv), Udom (Bakor), Ujo (Ijo), Undaza (B201), Vei, Wolof, Yagba (Yoruba), Yala, Yoruba, and others. Says Welmers (1971:564f): 'For this remarkable accomplishment, at his own request, Koelle was permitted the less than princely period of six months free from other duties ... Though some of his notes may have been taken before this six-month period of full-time work, one can only be struck by the sheer enormity of the task of manuscript preparation ... His map alone, and the questions he asked to get the information on which it is based, is a masterpiece of meticulous attention to detail ... Although Koelle's unparalleled work falls somewhat short of contemporary standards in linguistics - his fairly flexible phonetic transcription cannot be expected to be fully accurate for all languages, and he understandably failed to recognize tone, although he marked what he heard as stress - it is nevertheless useful to the comparativist today, and remains a model of careful research.' Reprinted 1963 by Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt in Graz, with a historiographical introduction by Paul H.E. Hair and a word index by David Dalby.},
  keywords         = {;ssa;waf;caf;eaf;saf;lng;lxl;dct;bnt;a.11;a.13;a.15c;a.15x;a.23;a.24;a.52;b.11a;b.11b;b.201;b.21;b.22a;b.61;b.62;b.73;b.73a;b.76b;b.82;h.16a;h.16d;h.16e;h.16g;h.22;h.23;h.24;h.34;h.16c;l.32;l.53;n.31b;p.21;p.31;p.34;R.11x;s.61;t.006;t.122;t.123k;t.125c;t.128a;t.152b;t.164;t.181;t.182;t.182x;t.190;t.219;t.351;t.351;t.382;t.404a;t.434;t.511;t.511x;t.653;t.711;t.711b;t.733;t.771;t.843;t.911;t.911x;t.913;u.181a;u.181x;u.232;u.264a;u.286;u.711b;u.713;u.722;u.733;u.774;u.784;u.801;u.811;u.811d;u.813;u.831;u.838;u.853;u.872;u.875;v.610;v.611;v.611x;x.511a;},
  lgcode           = {Fúlup = Bandial [bqj], Filham-Filhol = Diola Fogny = Jola-Fonyi [dyo], Bola = Mancagna [knf], Sarar = Manjaku = Mandjak [mfv], Pepel = Papel [pbo], Biafada [bif], Padsade = Pajade = Badyara [pbp], Baga of Balanser which is Ka:lum/Kuba = Baga Kaloum = Baga Koga [bgo], Timne [tem], Bulom-North = Bullom-Kafu = Bullom So [buy], Mampua-Bulom = Sherbro [bun], Kisi of Poruma (southern tip of Kisi Kama chiefdom in Sierra Leone) = Kissi-Northern [kqs], Mande of Kaba, Mande of Kabu, Mande of Toro, Mande of Jalunka = Yalunka [yal], Mande of Kankan = Eastern Maninakan [emk], Bambara, Kono = Mande Kono close to Vai [kno], Vei = Vai [vai], Soso-Solima = Susu of Sulima = Yalunka [yal], Soso-Kisekise = Susu [sus], Tene = Susu [sus], Gbandi = Bandi [bza], Landoro = Koko-Landogo = Loko [lok], Mende = Mende (Sierra Leone) [men], Gbese = Guinea Kpelle [gkp], Toma/buse = Loma [lom], Mano/Mana = Mann [mev], Gio = Dan [daf], Dewoi = Dewoin [dee], Basa-To = Bassa [bsq], Kru of Wote = Kra, Grebo-Gbumle, Gbe/Gbei = Bakwe = Bakwé [bjw], Adampe = Adangbe [adq], Anfue = Anfoin = Krepe = Éwé [ewe], Hwida, Dahome, Mahi = Maxi Gbe [mxl], 12xYoruba [yor], Igala [igl], Mose, Dselarra, Guren [gur], Gurma [gux], Legba, Kaure, Kiamba/Dsamba = Tem [kdh], Koa:ma = Koama = Tumuli Sisaala = Sisaala-Tumulung [sil], Bagbalan = Sisala, Kasm = Kasem [xsm], Yula, 5xIbo, Sobo = Urhobo [urh], Egbele = Ekpheli = Yekhee [ets], Bini = Bini [bin], Ihewe = Isewe = Ihievbe = Ihiebe = Sebe = Emai-Iuleha-Ora [ema], Oloma [olm], Okuloma = Ibani [iby], Udso a Western dialect of Ijo, Nupe [nup], Kupa [kug], Esitako = Eshitako = Dibo [dio], Musu = Mussu a Nupoid lg, Goali-Gugu = Gbari, Goali-Kaburo, Basa-Kurade, Ebe = Asu (Nigeria) [aum], Egbira-Opanda = Ebira [igb], Egbira-Atumei = Ebira [igb], Egbira-Hima = Ebira [igb], Buduma, Bornu-Kanuri = Central Kanuri [knc], Bornu-Manga, Bornu-Nguru, Bornu-Kanem = Kanembu [kbl], Pika/Fika, Karekare [kai], Bode-Abunogo = Bade [bde], Bode-Ngodsin = Bade [bde], Bode-Doei = Duwai [dbp], Ekamtulufu = Nde, Udom, Mbofon = Abanyom [abm], Eafen, Basa, Kamuku-Okasa, Isuwu = Isu [szv], Diwala = Duala [dua], Orungu = Myene [mye], Bayon, Bayon-Pati, Kum/Bakum = Kwakum [kwu], Bagba = Bati = Mungaka [mhk], Balu = Ngaaka = Mungaka [mhk], Mom/Bamom = Shu Pamem = Shupamem = Bamun [bax], Ngoala = Bangolan [bgj], Momenya = Bamenyam [bce], Papiah = Baba [bbw], Param = Pagham = Mengaka [xmg], Ngoten must be from Manehas = Bakaka [bqz], Melon = Mbo [mbo], Nhalemoe = Akoose [bss], Seke/Baseke = Seki [syi], Kabenda = Kakongo = Western Kikongo [kwy], Mimboma/Bamboma = Kimboma = Koongo [kng], Musentandu = Kintandu = Eastern Kikongo [NOCODE_Eastern-Kikongo], Babamba, Kanyika = Kanyoka = Kanyok [kny], Ntere/Nteke = Tsaayi = Teke-Tsaayi [tyi], Mutsaya = Laali B77b mixed with Kongo H10 = Teke-Laali [lli], Babuma = Boo B73 = Teke-Eboo [ebo], Bumbete = Mbere [mdt], Kasandsi, Nyombe/Bayombe = Yombe [yom], Sunde = Sundi H16c = Kisuundi [sdj], Ngola = Kimbundu [kmb], Pangela/Benguela = Umbundu = Umbundu [umb], Lubalo = Bolo [blv], Ruunda = Ruund [rnd], Songo [nsx], Kisama = Sama = Kimbundu [kmb], Muntu = Yao = Yao [yao], Kiriman = Chuwabu [chw], Marawi = Nyanja [nya], Meto = Makhuwa-Meeto [mgh], Matatan i.e. Makhuwa in Norubo two days inland from the islands of Mozambique probably = Makhuwa-Marrevone [xmc], Nyamban = Inhambane of Koelle = Similar to Cicopi = Chopi [cce], Wolof, Bidsogo-Arkaras = Caraxe = Kamona = Kamona Bijogo [NOCODE_Kamona], Bidsogo-Wun = Uno = Bidyogo [bjg], Gadsaga is this Soninke, Gura/Gola = Gola [gol], Banyun, Nalu [naj], Bulanda, Limba = Limba-West-Central [lia], Baga of Rio Nunez = Baga Lunduma = Landoma [ldm], Asante, Barba, Boko, Kandin = The Aïr Dialect of Tamazhaq = Tayart Tamajeq [thz], Tumbuktu = Koyra Chiini Songhay [khq], Bagermi = Bagirmi [bmi], Housa-Kano [hau], Housa Berni Kadzina [hau], Pulo-Futo-Dsalu = Pular Fuuta Djallo = Pular [fuf], Pulo-Salum, Pulo-Goburu, Pulo-Kano, Yala/Ola = Yala [yba], Anan, Dsarawa = Bankalawa = Jarawa (Nigeria) [jar], Koro of Lafia = Lijili [mgi], Ham = Hyam [jab], Akurakura = AgwaaGWune = Agwagwune [yay], Okam = Mbembe-Cross River [mfn], Yasgua [yes], Nki = Bokyi [bky], Kambari = Central Kambari = Tsishingini [tsw], Alege [alf], Penin = Mandi A46 = Tunen [tvu], Bute, Murundo = Lundu A11 = Oroko [bdu], Undaza = Ndasa [nda], Ndɔb = Tikar [tik], Nkele = Ngom B22b = Ngom [nra], Konguan = Kenyang [ken], Mbarike = Kutep [kub], Tiwi = Tiv [tiv], Boritsũ = Yukuben [ybl], Afudu [NOCODE_Afudu], Mfut = Kaalong = Dimbong [dii], Mbe = Ngamambo [nbv], Nso = Lamnso' [lns], Arabic-Wadai = Arabic-Chadian Spoken [shu], Arabic-Adirar, Arabic-Beran, Djukũ = Wapan [juk]},
  macro_area       = {Africa},
  notes            = {Says Welmers (1971:564f): For this remarkable accomplishment, at his own request, Koelle [missionary educator at Sierra Leone] was permitted the less than princely period of six months free from other duties. Though some of his notes may have been taken before this six-month period of full-time work, one can only be struck by the sheer enormity of the task of manuscript preparation. His map alone, and the questions he asked to get the information on which it is based, is a masterpiece of meticulous attention to detail. Every linguist should carefully read Koelle's Preface as model for humility, enterprise, and linguistic perception over a century later. Although Koelle's unparalleled work falls somewhat short of contemporary standards in linguistics - his fairly flexible phonetic transcription cannot be expected to be fully accurate for all languages, and he understandably failed to recognize tone, although he marked what he heard as stress - it is nevertheless useful to the comparativist today, and remains a model of careful research.</i> Reprinted 1963 by Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt in Graz, with a historiographical introduction by Paul H. E. Hair and a word index by David Dalby.},
  oclc             = {602308852},
  sortname         = {Koelle, Sigismund Wilhelm},
  src              = {eballiso2009, hh, langsci, weball},
  subject_headings = {ssa, waf, caf, eaf, saf, bnt, b.70, h.16, l.32, l.53, n.31b, p.21, p.31, r.11, t.244, t.200, t.490, t.492, t.511, t.833, t.843, t.852, t.911, u.121, u.181, u.200, u.261, u.268, u.500, u.600, u.733, u.774, u.801, u.811, u.831, u.850, u.870, x.510}
}

Document types

Languages

Name in source Glottolog languoid
Fúlup
Filham-Filhol = Diola Fogny
Bola
Sarar = Manjaku
Pepel
Biafada
Padsade = Pajade
Baga of Balanser which is Ka:lum/Kuba = Baga Kaloum
Timne
Bulom-North = Bullom-Kafu
Mampua-Bulom
Kisi of Poruma (southern tip of Kisi Kama chiefdom in Sierra Leone)
Mande of Kaba
    Mande of Kabu
      Mande of Toro
        Mande of Jalunka
        Mande of Kankan
        Bambara
          Kono
          Vei
          Soso-Solima = Susu of Sulima
          Soso-Kisekise
          Tene
          Gbandi
          Landoro = Koko-Landogo
          Mende
          Gbese
          Toma/buse
          Mano/Mana
          Gio
          Dewoi
          Basa-To
          Kru of Wote = Kra
            Grebo-Gbumle
              Gbe/Gbei = Bakwe
              Adampe
              Anfue = Anfoin = Krepe
              Hwida
                Dahome
                  Mahi
                  12xYoruba
                  Igala
                  Mose
                    Dselarra
                      Guren
                      Gurma
                      Legba
                        Kaure
                          Kiamba/Dsamba
                          Koa:ma = Koama = Tumuli Sisaala
                          Bagbalan = Sisala
                            Kasm
                            Yula
                              5xIbo
                                Sobo
                                Egbele = Ekpheli
                                Bini
                                Ihewe = Isewe = Ihievbe = Ihiebe = Sebe
                                Oloma
                                Okuloma
                                Udso a Western dialect of Ijo
                                  Nupe
                                  Kupa
                                  Esitako = Eshitako
                                  Musu = Mussu a Nupoid lg
                                    Goali-Gugu = Gbari
                                      Goali-Kaburo
                                        Basa-Kurade
                                          Ebe
                                          Egbira-Opanda
                                          Egbira-Atumei
                                          Egbira-Hima
                                          Buduma
                                            Bornu-Kanuri
                                            Bornu-Manga
                                              Bornu-Nguru
                                                Bornu-Kanem
                                                Pika/Fika
                                                  Karekare
                                                  Bode-Abunogo
                                                  Bode-Ngodsin
                                                  Bode-Doei
                                                  Ekamtulufu = Nde
                                                    Udom
                                                      Mbofon
                                                      Eafen
                                                        Basa
                                                          Kamuku-Okasa
                                                            Isuwu
                                                            Diwala
                                                            Orungu
                                                            Bayon
                                                              Bayon-Pati
                                                                Kum/Bakum
                                                                Bagba = Bati
                                                                Balu = Ngaaka
                                                                Mom/Bamom = Shu Pamem = Shupamem
                                                                Ngoala
                                                                Momenya
                                                                Papiah
                                                                Param = Pagham
                                                                Ngoten must be from Manehas
                                                                Melon
                                                                Nhalemoe
                                                                Seke/Baseke
                                                                Kabenda = Kakongo
                                                                Mimboma/Bamboma = Kimboma
                                                                Musentandu = Kintandu
                                                                Babamba
                                                                  Kanyika = Kanyoka
                                                                  Ntere/Nteke = Tsaayi
                                                                  Mutsaya = Laali B77b mixed with Kongo H10
                                                                  Babuma = Boo B73
                                                                  Bumbete
                                                                  Kasandsi
                                                                    Nyombe/Bayombe
                                                                    Sunde = Sundi H16c
                                                                    Ngola
                                                                    Pangela/Benguela = Umbundu
                                                                    Lubalo
                                                                    Ruunda
                                                                    Songo
                                                                    Kisama = Sama
                                                                    Muntu = Yao
                                                                    Kiriman
                                                                    Marawi
                                                                    Meto
                                                                    Matatan i.e. Makhuwa in Norubo two days inland from the islands of Mozambique probably
                                                                    Nyamban = Inhambane of Koelle = Similar to Cicopi
                                                                    Wolof
                                                                      Bidsogo-Arkaras = Caraxe = Kamona
                                                                      Bidsogo-Wun = Uno
                                                                      Gadsaga is this Soninke
                                                                        Gura/Gola
                                                                        Banyun
                                                                          Nalu
                                                                          Bulanda
                                                                            Limba
                                                                            Baga of Rio Nunez = Baga Lunduma
                                                                            Asante
                                                                              Barba
                                                                                Boko
                                                                                  Kandin = The Aïr Dialect of Tamazhaq
                                                                                  Tumbuktu
                                                                                  Bagermi
                                                                                  Housa-Kano
                                                                                  Housa Berni Kadzina
                                                                                  Pulo-Futo-Dsalu = Pular Fuuta Djallo
                                                                                  Pulo-Salum
                                                                                    Pulo-Goburu
                                                                                      Pulo-Kano
                                                                                        Yala/Ola
                                                                                        Anan
                                                                                          Dsarawa = Bankalawa
                                                                                          Koro of Lafia
                                                                                          Ham
                                                                                          Akurakura = AgwaaGWune
                                                                                          Okam
                                                                                          Yasgua
                                                                                          Nki
                                                                                          Kambari = Central Kambari
                                                                                          Alege
                                                                                          Penin = Mandi A46
                                                                                          Bute
                                                                                            Murundo = Lundu A11
                                                                                            Undaza
                                                                                            Ndɔb
                                                                                            Nkele = Ngom B22b
                                                                                            Konguan
                                                                                            Mbarike
                                                                                            Tiwi
                                                                                            Boritsũ
                                                                                            Afudu
                                                                                            Mfut = Kaalong
                                                                                            Mbe
                                                                                            Nso
                                                                                            Arabic-Wadai
                                                                                            Arabic-Adirar
                                                                                              Arabic-Beran
                                                                                                Djukũ