Spoken L1 Language: Eastern Maninkakan
- AES status:
- not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2023
- Maninkakan, Eastern (emk-emk) = 3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity. Originated in one of the Mali empires (1235–1670). Language of court and government during the Mali empire. Widely spoken in the 1890s during French colonization. Native to Guinea, Mali, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Maninka people have high regard for their language.