Spoken L1 Language: Bambara
- AES status:
- not endangered
David M. Eberhard and Gary F. Simons and Charles D. Fennig 2023
- Bamanankan (bam-bam) = 3 (Wider communication). Recognized language (1982, Decree No. 159 of 19 July, Article 1). Bamanankan serves as lingua franca everywhere, except for the northeastern part of the country. Bamanankan is the form of Jula [dyu] recognized by the Malian government. Used for travel, market, and business communication.