Spoken L1 Language: Heritage Michif

Subclassification references
Comments on subclassification

Michif is classified as a Plains Cree variety with a very large number of French loans. French-derived words in Michif have Cree stress patterns (and possibly also vowel length and nasality) Zykoski, Brittany 2023 and several elements of the noun phrase are Cree-derived (animacy-alienability-demonstratives-quantifier syntax-derived nouns-adnominal relative clauses) as is the loss of elision and behaviour of articles Rhodes, Richard 1977 , Peter Bakker 1997 . Verb stems of French origin occur but usually need a derivational verbalising affix Rhodes, Richard 1977 , Peter Bakker 1997 in a manner similar to many other languages borrowing verbs. See also Gillon, Carrie and Rosen, Nicole 2018: 7-8 Nicole Rosen 2023: 983 .

AES status:
Campbell, Lyle and Lee, Nala Huiying and Okura, Eve and Simpson, Sean and Ueki, Kaori 2022
Michif (1755-crg) = Severely Endangered (80 percent certain, based on the evidence available) (No parents speak the language to their young children, but some grandparents use it with their grandchildren.)

(see Bakker 2013)

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