This entry has been retired and is featured here only for bookkeeping purposes. Either
the entry has been replaced with one or more more accurate entries or it has been retired
because it was based on a misunderstanding to begin with.
The entry Chuanqiandian Cluster Miao [cqd] entry subsumes varieties already
included in E16/E17/E18/E19 under different entries
( Niederer, Barbara 1998 ). As a macro-language the [cqd] makes sense, but
not as a distinct language in addition to the Miao languages already having