Language: Katukína


This entry has been retired and is featured here only for bookkeeping purposes. Either the entry has been replaced with one or more more accurate entries or it has been retired because it was based on a misunderstanding to begin with.

E16/E17/E18/E19 lists two languages Kanamari [knm] and Katukina [kav] as per the below.

Kanamarí [knm] Katukína [kav]
Population 1,330 (Moore 2006). 100 Tsohom-Djapa speakers (Crevels 2007) No known L1 speakers. Ethnic population: 590 (2008 FUNASA).
Ethnic population 2,750 (2006 FUNASA).
Other Comments Different from Panoan Katukína [knt] in Amazonas and Acre.
Location Amazonas, upper regions of Jurua, Jutai, Itaquai rivers. Acre.
Language Use Vigorous.
Language Status 6a (Vigorous). 9 (Dormant).
Language Maps Western Central Brazil
ISO 639-3 knm kav
Dialects Tshom-Djapa (Txunhuã Dyapá, Txunhuã-Djapá), Tsohon-Djapa. Cutiadapa (Kutia-Dyapa).
Country Brazil Brazil
Classification Maipurean, Southern, Southern Outlier, Piro Katukinan
Alternate Names Canamarí, Kanamaré Catuquina, Katukina do Jutaí, Katukina do Rio Biá, Pidá-Djapá

The language matching the name, location, population and dialect information of the Kanamari [knm] entry, is well-known from the linguistic (e.g., Francesc Queixalós and dos Anjos G.S., Zoraide 2006 , Francesc Queixalós 2007 , Groth, Christa 1985 , Priscila Hanako Ishy de Magalhães 2012 , Stan Anonby and David J. Holbrook 2010 , Carvalho, José Cândido de Melo 1955 ) and ethnographic (e.g., Julio Cesar Melatti 1981 , Verneau, R. 1921 ) literature. But this language is not, as the E16/E17/E18/E19 classification has it, a Maipurean Arawakan language closest to Piro (Yine) [yib]. The idea that it is closely related to Piro ultimately stems from a name confusion with the Canamaré vocabulary in von Martius, Carl Friedrich Philip 1867 . This Canamaré vocabulary is indeed so close to Piro as to count as Piro, but it is not the same language the Kanamari indicated by the data in the Kanamari [knm] entry, as shown already by Paul Rivet 1920 . Turning now to the Katukina [kav]-entry, its location, classification, alternative names and dialect names (but not speaker number) corresponds to the Katukina known in the literature (e.g., dos Anjos, Zoraide 2005 ). However, this Katukina [kav] language is mutually intelligible with Kanamari [knm] ( dos Anjos, Zoraide 2011 :8-16 ) and the two should count uncontroversially as one entry. Older vocabularies are also similar enough to count as the same language ( Čestmír Loukotka 1963 , Paul Rivet 1920 ) so there is no reason to posit a separate entry for a Katukina that existed in the past. Thus, one of the Kanamari [knm] and Katukina [kav] entries is spurious. The confusion in this case may have been licensed by the existence of yet more distinct languages surfacing under the name Katukina, i.e., the Panoan Katukina ( de Aguiar, María Suelí 1992 ) and the problematic Catuquinarú vocabulary ( Paul Rivet 1920 ). See also: Katukína-Kanamarí [knm].


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