Spoken L1 Language: Ternate

Comments on subclassification

Charles E. Grimes and Barbara D. Grimes 1984 C. L. Voorhoeve 1987

AES status:
Campbell, Lyle and Lee, Nala Huiying and Okura, Eve and Simpson, Sean and Ueki, Kaori 2022
Ternate (10787-tft) = Threatened (100 percent certain, based on the evidence available) (The Tematean language is rapidly changing and even disappearing in many parts of the island, especially among the younger generation. Instead, North Moluccan Malay is becoming the first language of a large portion of the Tematean population. It seems that Tematean is in better shape on Halmahera.)

(see Hayami-Allen 2001)

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