Spoken L1 Language: Hokkaido Ainu

Family membership references
Comments on family membership

Vovin, Alexander 1993

Comments on subclassification

Alexander Vovin 2016

AES status:
nearly extinct
Campbell, Lyle and Lee, Nala Huiying and Okura, Eve and Simpson, Sean and Ueki, Kaori 2017
Ainu (Japan) (1212-ain) = Critically Endangered (80 percent certain, based on the evidence available)
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