Brisard, Frank and Meeuwis, Michael 2009

Brisard, Frank and Meeuwis, Michael. 2009. Present and perfect in Bantu: The case of Lingála. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 30. 21-43. Walter de Gruyter GmbH \& Co. KG.

@article{175202,
  author    = {Brisard, Frank and Meeuwis, Michael},
  journal   = {Journal of African Languages and Linguistics},
  number    = {1},
  pages     = {21-43},
  publisher = {Walter de Gruyter GmbH \& Co. KG},
  title     = {Present and perfect in Bantu: The case of Lingála},
  url       = {http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jall.2009.30.issue-1/jall.2009.003/jall.2009.003.xml},
  volume    = {30},
  year      = {2009},
  abstract  = {In the study of tense-aspect systems in the Bantu languages, there appears to be a lack of agreement over basic issues in analyzing different inflectional classes. In this paper, we address forms of temporal predication in Lingála's present-time verbal paradigm. Presenting an analysis along the lines of Cognitive Grammar, we challenge the received interpretation of a verb form with -í in Lingála, as well as of its cognates in other Bantu languages, traditionally taken to mark past tense, notably with dynamic verbs. We claim that the perfect/anterior meaning of this -í form with dynamic verbs should be treated in terms of the cognitive strategies speakers have available for dealing with the “epistemic problem” inherent in observing and reporting nonstative events simultaneously. Accordingly, dynamic verbs taking the -í form should be analyzed together with its use with statives, instead of seeing both types as semantically unrelated. We therefore argue for, and develop, an integrated analysis, which can single-handedly account for both dynamic verbs and stative ones. In schematic terms, we propose that the temporal reference of the -í form, whose aspect is perfect, is present rather than past, even if notions of pastness may be involved in the background conceptualization.},
  doi       = {10.1515/jall.2009.003},
  inlg      = {English [eng]},
  issn      = {0167-6164},
  lgcode    = {Lingala [lin] (computerized assignment from "not munukutuba and lingala")},
  src       = {apics, degruyter}
}
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Brisard, Frank
AU  - Meeuwis, Michael
PY  - 2009
DA  - 2009//
TI  - Present and perfect in Bantu: The case of Lingála
JO  - Journal of African Languages and Linguistics
SP  - 21
EP  - 43
VL  - 30
IS  - 1
PB  - Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG
AB  - In the study of tense-aspect systems in the Bantu languages, there appears to be a lack of agreement over basic issues in analyzing different inflectional classes. In this paper, we address forms of temporal predication in Lingála’s present-time verbal paradigm. Presenting an analysis along the lines of Cognitive Grammar, we challenge the received interpretation of a verb form with -í in Lingála, as well as of its cognates in other Bantu languages, traditionally taken to mark past tense, notably with dynamic verbs. We claim that the perfect/anterior meaning of this -í form with dynamic verbs should be treated in terms of the cognitive strategies speakers have available for dealing with the “epistemic problem” inherent in observing and reporting nonstative events simultaneously. Accordingly, dynamic verbs taking the -í form should be analyzed together with its use with statives, instead of seeing both types as semantically unrelated. We therefore argue for, and develop, an integrated analysis, which can single-handedly account for both dynamic verbs and stative ones. In schematic terms, we propose that the temporal reference of the -í form, whose aspect is perfect, is present rather than past, even if notions of pastness may be involved in the background conceptualization.
SN  - 0167-6164
UR  - http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jall.2009.30.issue-1/jall.2009.003/jall.2009.003.xml
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1515/jall.2009.003
DO  - 10.1515/jall.2009.003
ID  - 175202
ER  - 
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