Spoken L1 Language: Ulch

Comments on subclassification

Kazama, Shinjiro 2003: 1-11 Juha Janhunen 2012: 6

AES status:
nearly extinct
Campbell, Lyle and Lee, Nala Huiying and Okura, Eve and Simpson, Sean and Ueki, Kaori 2022
Ulch (3009-ulc) = Critically Endangered (100 percent certain, based on the evidence available) (All speakers are middle-aged or older, and the shift to Russian continues to proceed rapidly.)

(see Salminen 2007)

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