Retired in ISO 639-3:
Excerpt from change request document:
Susnik's widespread hypothesis has been disproved: she proposed that the Toba of Puerto Casado constitute a mixed ethnic group, of "Toba [Qom] groups who blended with the Maskoy, forming the new Emok-Toba ethnic identity. The first generation was bilingual, but the Toba language later became established as the 'language of men'" (Susnik 1989: 144), and supposedly went on to form "a 'Maskoyized' proletariat in the tannin factories" of Puerto Casado (ibid.). Our research leaves no doubt that the indigenous population of the tannin ports on the River Paraguay is of purely Enlhet-Enenlhet descendency. In spite of the existence of communities such as Cerrito and El Padernal where people of Enlhet- Enenlhet and Qom descendency live together, bilingualism across the two language groups has not developed, and Guarani is the main language of intercommunication. That is, an Emok language (classified as extinct) in fact never existed. Emmo'ok is not the name of a language; it means simply 'our neighbour' in the languages of the Enlhet-Enenlhet family. This explains why we have found no instances of a supposed Emok language; nor of any evidence shown by Susnik, who made her hypothesis for its existence so widely known.