Spoken L1 Language: Chamalal

Comments on subclassification

Gudava, Togo E. 1964

AES status:
Campbell, Lyle and Lee, Nala Huiying and Okura, Eve and Simpson, Sean and Ueki, Kaori 2022
Chamalal (1234-cji) = Threatened (100 percent certain, based on the evidence available) (Children and young adults more often use Russian when communicating among themselves, particularly on phones and social media. Adults and children of the diaspora use the language less frequently and fluently.)

(see Roncero 2021)

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