Language: Chumash

Classification

This entry has been retired and is featured here only for bookkeeping purposes. Either the entry has been replaced with one or more more accurate entries or it has been retired because it was based on a misunderstanding to begin with.

E16 has an entry Chumash [chs] with information that could match several individual Chumashan languages. E16 also has entries for the individual Chumashan languages Obispeño [obi], Cruzeño [crz], Ventureño [veo], Purisimeño [puy], Ineseño [inz] and Barbareño [boi], which exhaust the attested Chumashan languges ( Golla, Victor 2011 ). This leaves the Chumash [chs]-entry spurious. See also: Barbareño [boi], Purisimeño [puy], Ineseño [inz], Obispeño [obi], Cruzeño [crz], Ventureño [veo].

Retired in ISO 639-3: Chumash is actually a family name, not a language name. Language family members already have code elements: Barbareño [boi], Cruzeño [crz], Ineseño [inz], Obispeño [obi], Purisimeño [puy], and Ventureño [veo]

  • Change request: 2008-030
  • ISO 639-3: chs
  • Name: Chumash
  • Reason: split
  • Effective: 2009-01-16

Excerpt from change request document:

Chumash is actually a family name, not a language name. Language family members are Barbareño [boi], Cruzeño [crz], Ineseño [inz], Obispeño [obi], Purisimeño [puy], and Ventureño [veo].

In the 13th edition of Ethnologue and in older linguistic literature on Native America "Chumash" was listed by itself as a single language. Since the middle of the 20th century, however, it has been recognized that Chumash was a family of six mutually unintelligible languages. In the 14th edition of Ethnologue, the six constituent languages were added, but the entry "Chumash" was not deleted, resulting in the retention of "Chumash" as a constituent of itself. All specialist literature on the languages of California list 6 languages as constituents of the Chumash language family.

References

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