Language: Kabixí


This entry has been retired and is featured here only for bookkeeping purposes. Either the entry has been replaced with one or more more accurate entries or it has been retired because it was based on a misunderstanding to begin with.

E16/E17/E18 lists a Kabixí [xbx] entry with the following information

Population 100 (1986 SIL).
Region Mato Grosso, Planalto dos Parecís slopes, right bank of upper Guaporé, near Vila Bela.
Language map Brazil, reference number 116
Alternate names Cabichí, Cabishi
Dialects Related to Maxakali [mbl].
Classification Chapacura-Wanham, Guapore
Comments The name is also used for Parecís [pab]
Language map Brazil, reference number 116
Language use Both people and language may be extinct.

The name Kabixi (with variant spellings) has been applied to a range of different ethnic groups (see Price, David 1983 for a superb historical treatment), including Parecís (Arawakan), Huanyam (Chapacuran) and Southern Nambiquara (Nambiquaran) speakers. The location in the entry can be read to match either the Southern Nambiquara and Sararé of David Price 1985 , both of which correspond to another E16/E17/E18 entry, i.e., Southern Nambikuára [nab]. The classification in the entry points to it being Huanyam ( Erland Nordenskiöld 1915 ), which would explain why Huanyam is otherwise missing from E16/E17/E18. The location matches Southern Nambiquara better but is reconcilable with Huanyam. However, a population of 100 in 1986 is too much if it refers to Huanyam which would have been down to a few families or less in the 1980s ( Becker-Donner, Etta 1974 , Hanke, Wanda 1975 ). A population of 100 is difficult to match with 20 Sararé and 350 Southern Nambiquara ( David Price 1985 ) as well, so possibly 1986 should be read as the date of the information passing to the Ethnologue rather than the date of the observation. The claim that Kabixi [xbx] is related to Maxakali [mbl] cannot be reconciled with either Southern Nambiquara or Huanyam and can only make sense if the entry refers to Rikbaktsa [rkb] ( J. Dornstauder 1960 ) or Beiços-de-Pau, now integrated with the Suyá [suy] ( Vicente César, José 1971 ), but these peoples live too far north of the area where the name Kabixi used to be applied. Since the information in the entry either duplicates other entries or has misleading information (at least the assertion that the entry does not represent Parecis [pab], perhaps the language most frequently called Kabixi, is not misleading.), it should be dropped or corrected to form a more accurate Huanyam entry. See also: Maxakalí [mbl], Southern Nambikuára [nab], Parecís [pab], Rikbaktsa [rkb], Suyá [suy].

Retired in ISO 639-3: Retire

  • Change request: 2015-026
  • ISO 639-3: xbx
  • Name: Kabixí
  • Reason: non-existent
  • Effective: 2016-01-15


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