Torben Andersen 2006

Torben Andersen. 2006. [ATR] reversal in Jumjum. Diachronica 23. 3-28. Amsterdam/Philadephia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

  address    = {Amsterdam/Philadephia},
  author     = {Torben Andersen},
  journal    = {Diachronica},
  number     = {1},
  pages      = {3-28},
  publisher  = {John Benjamins Publishing Company},
  title      = {[ATR] reversal in Jumjum},
  url        = {},
  volume     = {23},
  year       = {2006},
  abstract   = {Jumjum, a Western Nilotic language, has an eight-vowel system divided into two sets by the feature [ATR] (Advanced Tongue Root), which is the basis of vowel harmony. A comparison with other Western Nilotic languages shows that (i) this vowel system goes back to a ten-vowel system in Proto-Western Nilotic (PWN), (ii) PWN high [−ATR] vowels have become high [+ATR] vowels in Jumjum, and (iii) conversely, PWN high [+ATR] vowels have become high [−ATR] vowels in Jumjum. The sequence of changes that resulted in this [ATR] reversal in Jumjum relative to PWN provides a historical explanation of synchronically odd, grammatically conditioned vowel-quality alternations in this language.},
  besttxt    = {ptxt\africa\andersen_jumjum2006.txt},
  cfn        = {africa\andersen_jumjum2006.pdf},
  delivered  = {africa\andersen_jumjum2006.pdf},
  doi        = {10.1075/dia.23.1.03and},
  fn         = {africa\andersen_jumjum2006.pdf, africa\andersen_jumjum2006_o.pdf, africa\andersen_jumjum2006v2.pdf},
  hhtype     = {comparative;minimal},
  inlg       = {English [eng]},
  issn       = {0176-4225},
  keywords   = {Jumjum, Mayak, Mabaan, sound change, ATR, vowel system, vowel harmony, vowel alternation, Western Nilotic, Burun},
  lgcode     = {Jumjum [jum]},
  macro_area = {Africa},
  src        = {benjamins, hh}