Language: Dhanwar (India)

Classification

This entry has been retired and is featured here only for bookkeeping purposes. Either the entry has been replaced with one or more more accurate entries or it has been retired because it was based on a misunderstanding to begin with.

Dhanwar (India) [dha] is listed in E16 as the separate language of the scheduled tribe Dhanwar in Madhya Pradesh and Mararashtra (not to be confused with the Dhanwar Rai [dhw] language much further north, see Bhabendra Bhandari 2003 ). However, the Dhanwar speak Chattisgarhi [hne] in Madhya Pradesh and Marathi [mar] in Maharashtra ( K. S. Singh 1997 :47 , Singh, K. S. 1994 :238-241 ), both of which already have entries in E16. See also: Dhanwar (Nepal) [dhw], Marathi [mar], Chhattisgarhi [hne].

Retired in ISO 639-3:

  • Change request: 2010-010
  • ISO 639-3: dha
  • Name: Dhanwar (India)
  • Reason: non-existent
  • Effective: 2011-05-18

Excerpt from change request document:

  1. The only language speaker count is the1961 Census . Later, in the 1991 Census has the Dhanwar speaking Marathi in Maharashtra, and Hindi in Madhya Pradesh [Chhattisgarh?]

  2. Lewis’ (2009) estimate is the 1981 Census ethnic population. It is not the L1 speaker population.

  3. The Joshua Project (2002) mentioned the Dhanwar speaker population but the latest version (Joshua Project 2009) reported that they speak Marathi.

  4. Singh (1993:87), Vaisanav (2004:6) reported that the Dhanwar speak Chhattisgarhi and Marathi. But with other groups they speak Chhattisgarhi, Hindi and Marathi. The other source mentioned that the Dhanwar people themselves reported that they speak Chhattisgarhi and Marathi (India in Focus 2004).

  5. From an informal interview with a person who works in Chhattisgarh, the Dhanwar speak Chhattisgarhi and Marathi as their first language.

  6. As early as 1916 when Russell (2006:488) was first published, the Dhanwar did not speak a language of their own, but rather spoke Chhattisgarhi and Hindi.

References

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